April 24, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. EST
This executive session will cover "S. 2680, S. 2315, S. 2597, S. 382, and Nominations."
By Alexa Wesley, Research and Policy Associate, April 19, 2018
From slicing apples to sending texts, education professionals have drawn from a growing suite of behavioral insights to design interventions that positively influence student behavior. Nudging can take on a variety of forms that range in strength and scale, but with such an adaptable concept comes the need to prevent confusion or unintentional misuse in practice. While behavioral interventions are rightfully discussed for their potential to achieve large-scale change at low costs, it’s also worth underscoring the importance of implementing nudges with fidelity. Ethical nudges should be designed with the intention of benefitting those being nudged, and they should never be misleading, coercive, or restrictive. As illustrated in a satirical cartoon from the Behavioral Scientist magazine, a “gentle tap of good sense” falls neatly in the center of the nudge continuum, whereas “feather of statistical insignificance” and “bat of paternalistic overreach” lie on opposite ends. In this post, NASPA's Research and Policy Associate Alexa Wesley offers a few suggestions for ways student affairs professionals can strike the right balance on the nudging scale.
By Melissa Quinn, April 17, 2018
Last week Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch sided with other justices in a case about deporting an immigrant convicted of residential burglary. The government sought his deportation under a "violent crime" immigration law, though neither of James Garcia Dimaya's crimes involved violence. The statute defines a violent crime as one involving force or the "substantial risk" of force. The Supreme Court, however, said that language is so vague that it invites arbitrary and discriminatory enforcement, meaning that Dimaya and others like him, would not be subject to mandatory deportation moving forward.
By Ben Miller, April 18, 2018
The Center for American Progress reports that the United States has made substantial improvements on college attainment rates, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS). The percentage of adults who earned an associate degree or more, ages 25-34, increased over a ten year period, from 40.4 percent in 2007 to 47.8 percent in 2017. This improvement, is even greater for Latino/a/x individuals who saw an increase of 9.4 percentage points. One of the lowest improvement rates fell upon young black men, who only saw an increase of 3.6 percentage points over the ten year period. Black women, conversely, saw a greater increase in attainment levels than white women at an improvement of 8.5 percentage points.
By Andrew Kreighbaum, April 20, 2018
As the Senate continues to look for a bipartisan legislative solution to reauthorizing the Higher Education Act (HEA), it begins to look like Congress may not be able to reach a compromise in 2018. The Senate is also struggling to pass a primary law on career and technical education, the Strengthening Career and Technical Education for the 21st Century Act, which was passed in the House last year. House Representative Virginia Fox has expressed frustration that the bill hasn’t been able to move forward. “The House passed the bill unanimously last year,” Fox stated. “I cannot emphasize how important it is for the Senate to vote on this bill and send it to President Trump for his signature.” A spokesman for Senator Lamar Alexander has indicated that the Senate is prioritizing reauthorizing Perkins, which has previously been a bipartisan bill until the recent introduction of Republican ideas to restrict the authority of the secretary of education to administer the program.
By Robert Barnes, April 22, 2018
The Supreme Court is hearing oral arguments regarding the third iteration of the travel ban this coming Wednesday. The Court will be examining whether or not the Executive Order is discriminatory, and will be considering, as it has since the start of the Trump administration, “the president” separately from “this president.” President Trump has continued to tweet and retweet anti-Muslim rhetoric which contributed to a growing debate as to whether these comments should be considered in tandem with the Executive Order. Solicitor General Noel Francisco urged that the court not get distracted by the social media outbursts, “the president’s retweets do not address the meaning of the proclamation at all” he stated. The Supreme Court may in fact end up ruling in favor for the administration, as in December, the court issued a stay of a prior court injunction and allowed the ban to take effect.
Since the start of the 2018 State Legislative Session, the Policy and Advocacy Team at NASPA has seen movement on 19 bills across 10 states. This summary includes changes observed concerning tracked legislation over the past week. TN SB 2480, which failed to move forward in the Senate Judiciary Committee on 04/03/2018, and TN HB 2620, which was taken off the Finance Ways and Means Subcommittee calendar on 04/09/0218, would expand the attorney general and reporter’s duties to include representation for a Local Education Agency (LEA) or certain LEA employees in a legal proceeding arising out of the LEA’s adoption of a policy or practice designating multi-person restrooms, locker rooms, or other facilities for use based only on one’s biological sex.
In-State Tuition for Undocumented Immigrants
Since the start of the 2018 State Legislative Session, NASPA’s Policy and Advocacy Team has seen movement on 25 bills across 14 states regarding in-state tuition for undocumented immigrants. CA AB 3008, which was voted to pass the Committee on Higher Education re-referred to the Committee on Appropriations on 04/17/2018, would create additional exemptions for undocumented residents from paying nonresident tuition. CT SB 4, which was added to the House calendar on 04/19/2018, would assist students without legal immigration status with the cost of college.
Guns on Campus:
Since the start of January, the Policy and Advocacy Team at NASPA has seen movement on 29 bills across 15 states. This summary includes changes observed concerning tracked legislation over the past week. LA SB 505, read a second time and referred to the Judiciary Committee on 04/03/18, would allow certain peace officers to patrol schools while carrying concealed firearms. TN HB 2208, which failed to move forward in the Education Administration and Planning Committee on 04/04/18, would have allowed certified firearms instructors to train teachers in certain distressed rural counties who would be allowed to carry concealed firearms. MD HB 904, read for the first time on 04/05/18, would prohibit law enforcement officers from carrying certain weapons on public school property.
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Bob Goodlatte (Introduced 04/10/2018)
Latest Action: House—Committee consideration and mark-up held, ordered to be reported by the Yeas and Nays: 32-0
-A Notice by the Education Department on 04/18/2018
-Comment period that ends on 06/18/2018
-National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), Department of Education (ED)
Summary: “The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), is a federally authorized survey of student achievement at grades 4, 8, and 12 in various subject areas, such as mathematics, reading, writing, science, U.S. history, civics, geography, economics, technology and engineering literacy (TEL), and the arts. The National Assessment of Educational Progress Authorization Act (Pub. L. 107-279 Title III, section 303) requires the assessment to collect data on specified student groups and characteristics, including information organized by race/ethnicity, gender, socio-economic status, disability, and limited English proficiency.”
-A Notice by the Education Department on 04/23/2018
-Comment period that ends on 05/23/2018
-Department of Education (ED), Office of Postsecondary Education (OPE)
Summary: “The collection of information through the Campus Safety and Security Survey is necessary under section 485 of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, with the goal of increasing transparency surrounding college safety and security information for student, prospective students, parents, employees and the general public. The survey is a collection tool to compile the annual data on campus crime and fire safety. The data collected from the individual institutions by ED is made available to the public through the Campus Safety and Security Data Analysis and Cutting Tool as well as the College Navigator.”
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