The MultiRacial Knowledge Community compiled the following list of resources; however, inclusion on this list does not represent an endorsement of the information, site, or organization by NASPA and any of its entities.
Please note that this list is created by our community, and is not a comprehensive collection. It is intended to provide a starting point for learning more information about multiracial and adoptee experience.
If you have suggestions or resources you love, please send us a note and we’ll add them to the list.
American Counseling Association
In 2015, the American Counseling Association endorsed and adpoted Competencies for Counseling the Multiracial Population
- View the competencies here: https://www.counseling.org/docs/default-source/competencies/competencies-for-counseling-the-multiracial-population-2-2-15-final.pdf?sfvrsn=14
Critical Mixed Race Studies (CMRS)
Critical Mixed Race Studies is the transracial, transdisciplinary, and transnational critical analysis of the institutionalization of social, cultural, and political orders based on dominant conceptions of race. CMRS emphasizes the mutability of race and the porosity of racial boundaries in order to critique processes of racialization and social stratification based on race. CMRS addresses local and global systemic injustices rooted in systems of racialization.
LovingDay is an organization whose mission is to fight racial prejudice through education and to the build the multiracial community.
MAVIN is committed to creating a society that recognizes the complexity of race, racism and identity. MAVIN builds healthier communities by providing educational resources about multiracial experiences.
Mixed Race Studies
Curated by Steven F. Riley, Mixed Race Studies shares scholarly perspectives on the mixed race experience that provides a gateway to interdisciplinary (sociology, psychology, history, law, anthropology etc.) English language scholarship about the relevant issues surrounding the topic of multiracialism. It has been called “the most comprehensive and objective clearinghouse for scholarly publications related to critical mixed-race theory” by Rainier Spencer.
Scholarly articles on Multiracial identity and/or theory
Kellogg, A.H., & Liddell, D. L. (2012). Not half but double: Exploring critical incidents in the racial identity of multiracial college students. Journal of College Student Development, 53(4) 524-541.
Kich, G. K. (1992). The developmental process of asserting a multiracial, bicultural identity. In M. P. P. Root (Ed.),Racially mixed people in America (pp. 304-317). Newbury Park, CA: SAGE.
King, A. R. (2008). Student perspectives on multiracial identity. New Directions for Student Services, (123), 33-41.
Moss, R. C., & Davis, D. (2008). Counseling biracial students: A review of issues and interventions. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 36(4), 219.
Poston, W. S. (1990). The biracial identity development model: A needed addition. Journal of Counseling and Development, 69, 152-155.
Renn, K. A., & Shang, P. (Eds.). (2008). Biracial and multiracial college students: Theory, research, and best practices in student affairs. New Directions for Student Services, 123. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Renn, K.A (2004). Mixed race college students: The ecology of identity, race, and community on campus. Albany:State University of New York Press.
Renn, K. A. (2003). Understanding the identities of mixed-race college students through a developmental ecology lens. Journal of College Student Development, 44(3), 383-403.
Renn, Kristen A. (2000). Patterns of Situational Identity Among Biracial and Multiracial College Students. The Review of Higher Education, 23 (4), 399-420.
Rockquemore, K. A., & Brunsma, D. L. (2002). Beyond Black: Biracial identity in America. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Root, M. P. P. (1990). Resolving "other" status: Identity development of biracial individuals. Women & Therapy, 9, 185-205.
Root, M. P. P. (1992). Within, between, and beyond race. In M. P. P. Root (Ed.), Racially mixed people in America (pp. 3-11). Newbury Park, CA: SAGE.
Root, M. P. P. (2001). Factors influencing the variation in racial and ethnic identity of mixed-heritage persons of Asian ancestry. In T. Williams-Leon & C. L. Nakashima (Eds.), The sum of our parts (pp. 61-70). Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
Shih, M., & Sanchez, D. T. (2005). Perspectives and research on the positive and negative implications of having multiple racial identities. Psychological Bulletin, 131(4), 569-591.
Standen, B. C. S. (1996). Without a template: The multiracial Korean/White experience. In M. P. P. Root (Ed.), The multiracial experience: Racial borders as the new frontier (pp. 245-259). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Wong, M. P., & Buckner, J. (2008). Multiracial student services come of age: The state of multiracial student services in higher education in the United States. In K. A. Renn & P. Shang (Eds.), Biracial and multiracial students (pp. 43-51). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Transracial Adoptee Resources
Transracial adoption involves a few aspects that aren't necessarily found in other kinds of adoption
Iowa Foster & Adoptive Parents Association (IFAPA)
IFAPA provides education, support and advocacy for Iowa's foster, adoptive and kinship families.
- Adoption basics for educators: http://www.ifapa.org/pdf_docs/AdoptionBasicsforEducators.pdf
Helpful blogs, thought peices and essays:
- A new study reveals rewards and challenges of raising adoptees in both Jewish and birth cultures. Rabbi Susan Silverman writes a memori of her own experiences raising her two Ethiopian sons: http://www.timesofisrael.com/funny-you-dont-look-jewish-the-story-of-transracial-adoption/
- The Realities of Raising Kids of a Different Race
- 10 Things Adult Transracial Adoptees Want You to Know
- Trend or Truth? The Realities of Transracial Adoption
- Growing up 'White,' Transracial Adoptee Learned to Be Black
- Follow @t_racial_adopt on Twitter!
Scholarly articles on adoption, transracial adoption identity and/or theory
Brocious, H. (2014). Viewing the impact of adoption camp through lens of collective identity and marginality theories. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 24(7), 847-857.
Brodzinksky, D. M., Schechter, M. D., & Henig, R. M. (1993). Being adopted: The lifelong search for self. New York, NY: First Anchor Books.
Seligmann, L. (2013). Broken links, enduring ties: American adoption across race, class, and nation. Redwood, CA: Stanford University Press.
Collishaw, S., Maughan, B., & Pickles, A. (1998). Infant adoption: Psychosocial outcomes in adulthood. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 33, 57-65.
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